If you are looking for a great book to read Dr. Kate Hudgins highly recommends Fundamentals of Psychodrama 1st ed. 2020 Edition, written by Falko von Ameln and Jochen Becker-Ebel.

Check it out on Amazon 

Written by Mario Cossa

Abstract This article in the journal Zeitschrift für Psychodrama und Soziometrie explores the foundations of resilience theory and the application of the Therapeu- tic Spiral ModelTM’s (TSM) form of psychodrama in building resilience in youth through increasing the internal locus of control and supporting the ability to internal- ize the positive regard of peers and adult mentors. The author describes a program developed to serve these goals while working with post-high-school youth, ages 17 to 19, in the Campuhan College Program in Bali, Indonesia.

Click Here to read the article.


Abstract Classical psychodrama embodies the theory and practice of spontaneity and creativity as the goal of all methods of change. In today’s world of post-traumatic growth (PTG), this is a perfect match for the view of humans as resilient and always seeking growth, even following traumatic and often violent experiences. This article of the Zeitschrift für Psychodrama und Soziometrie details the Therapeutic Spiral Model (TSM), which is a trauma-informed, stage-process model to change the self-organization of people affected by trauma by using experiential methods. TSM presents the first internal role map for working with parts of self, developed through decades of clinical observation (Hudgins 2017, 2002). TSM connects with advances in clinical psychology on trauma and attachment, and the latest research on interpersonal neurobiology, and makes a crucial turn from interpersonal work in psychodrama to the focus on inner parts of self. The trauma survivor’s internal role atom (TSIRA) is presented as a three-stage model to guide all action methods when working with parts of self that include: Prescriptive (RX) roles, the TSM Trauma Triangle, and roles of transformation and post-traumatic growth (PTG). Composite examples are given from a lifetime practice in the global community to help bring the clinical structure of the internal role atom to life for inner parts work.

Click here to read the complete article

By Scott Giacomucci & Joshua Marquit

Just writing to share of my new trauma-focused psychodrama research study, “The Effectiveness of Trauma-Focused Psychodrama in the Treatment of PTSD in Inpatient Substance Abuse Treatment” in the Frontiers in PsychologyJournal.
This study comes from my work at Mirmont Treatment Center (Philadelphia area) demonstrating hopeful outcomes for the treatment of PTSD with trauma-focused psychodrama – the Therapeutic Spiral Model (TSM) & Relational Trauma Repair Model (RTR).

Results demonstrated over 25% decrease in PTSD symptoms for participants in Mirmont’s “Phoenix/Trauma Group” which is based on trauma-focused psychodrama. Considering the average patient only attended the group 4-5 times (2x per week), these results are quite meaningful and 2.5x the level of change in a residential trauma-focused CBT program with similar qualities.

Available here (full article available open access soon): https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpsyg.2020.00896/abstract
This single group pretest-posttest study explores the effectiveness of trauma-focused psychodrama in the treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) at an inpatient addiction treatment center. The results contribute to the limited research bases of both psychodrama and PTSD treatment outcomes in inpatient addiction treatment. The present study supports the potential effectiveness of two trauma-focused psychodrama models, the Therapeutic Spiral Model and the Relational Trauma Repair Model. Findings of the research demonstrate clinically significant reductions in overall PTSD symptoms (over 25% change) and each PTSD symptom cluster (i.e., re-experiencing and intrusion, avoidance and numbing, and hyper-arousal). Additionally, patient satisfaction exit survey data support overall treatment effectiveness and highlight its tolerability, and capacity for establishing emotional safety, connection, and group cohesion. Patients even described the trauma-focused psychodrama treatment approach as enjoyable and helpful. Overall, the results of this study are promising, and support continued clinical application of trauma-focused psychodrama treatment with other subpopulations diagnosed with PTSD. However, the ability to isolate effects of trauma-focused psychodrama in this study is compromised due to the absence of a control group and participants’ involvement in other inpatient treatment services.
By Anath Garber, PhD, TEP

Anath Garber is a friend and colleague whose expertise in psychotherapy and particularly the technique of psychodrama is very intriguing to me because I believe live theater can be religion and therapy and therapy as drama and healing may be the best invention since the wheel …

Listen to Part 1 Here

Listen to Part 2 Here

Working with projective identification in the Therapeutic Spiral Model (TSM)

by Ina Hogenboom

I have had to cancel my workshop on Containment in Zagreb due to Trumps travel ban. I am deeply disappointed as I love this group and organizers Vedran Korusic, Ines Cokarić and team members Axel Eichel and Ina Hogenboom. We will move the workshop to our June dates.

Meanwhile, we will announce next week several Zoom efforts to connect people during this time of crisis. I will be offering a 4 week group on darling with the acute effects of the virus n how to contain the fear triggering off other traumas via TSM Psychodrama. Look for our eblast!

By Karen Drucker

Sitting by the pool after a swim looking out on the waters of the Arabian Sea surrounded by palm trees and listening to the sound of tropical birds. I am treating myself to two weeks of Ayurvedic treatment at a place in Kerala recommended by Jochen Becker called Isola di Cocco. Feels like a well deserved rest and commitment to my health after nine intensive days of therapeutic spiral workshops.

We had a four day workshop in Bangalore, making friends with defenses, then a travel day to Delhi to begin a four day on transforming the trauma triangle. Arriving the first morning of the Bangalore group was like greeting old friends. Most of the participants had been with us last year and it was wonderful to see familiar faces!

                                   Bangalore Workshop Participants

                                  New Delhi Workshop Participants

Steven Durost and I had a smooth and beautiful co-leadership dance.

It’s such a privilege to work with someone I love, respect, and feel so met and supported by in all aspects of the work. From planning to timing, switching between team leader and assistant leader in directing the dramas, working with participants and the team, we were like butter.

Sadhana, a team member in Delhi writes, “It’s heartening to see how you have teamed up with Steven to make TSM such a beautiful experience for us. I love to see the way you two adore each other, shift effortlessly into various roles with so much fluidity and understanding and make a remarkable role models of professional partners with touch of Being incorporated into it. Could the universe give us any better gift than having the opportunity to see and experience Dr Steven and Dr Karen! I guess not.. This is the best gift!”

They loved the teaching I designed on working with the trauma triangle with an individual, splitting into groups of three to practice.

We were invited to Rashmi Datt’s house for dinner one night. She is a PAT and is the trainer in the Delhi group. It was very special to go to her house, which took almost an hour in crazy Delhi traffic, but we laughed a lot and enjoyed ourselves.

I’m including a poem written by one of our protagonists the night after her drama. She entitled her drama “Priyanka Owning Her Power.” One of her hopes for the drama was feeling worthy of accepting an award that she would be receiving a few days later. The picture tells the story!!

Lost & Found
by Priyanka Dutta

I was born resourceful,
I was born beautiful!
But somewhere in this life’s journey,
I lost a part of me…

I kept looking for it here & there,
But was left with frustration & despair;
As trust walked away from me,
I lost my ‘confidence key’.

Unlocking my potential became difficult,
And I started believing it was my fault;
I relied on others to feel good,
And to my ‘SELF’ I became rude…

But in my quest, I found a loving community,
Who embraced me & set me free;
I can’t thank you enough,
For reconnecting me to my other half…

Today I again feel resourceful,
Today yet again I feel powerful;
Trust came back to me,
I found my ‘confidence key’.

I feel very inspired, nurtured and enriched by this time in India and the privilege of working with such terrific people. Gratitude to Dr. Jochen Becker for his initial invitation and for inviting us back for the next two years!!

We Have a special invitation to the TSI Family:

TSI is happy (excited, delighted – you name it) to announce a collaborative effort with ACTS (Alexander and Ciotola Training Services) to share the latest information about the efficacy of action methods (specifically TSM Psychodrama) in working with survivors of trauma and in promoting Post Traumatic Growth.

Nancy Alexander and Linda Ciotola are recipients of this year’s (2019) ASGPP Collaborators’ Award for the work they have done blending psychotherapy and psychodrama for trauma survivors.

The product of their collaboration is available in an on-line course: Introduction to Psychodrama for Trauma Survivors which includes 11 training modules (complete with video presentation, downloadable handouts, and more – see below for details of modules) and a video of a full-length psychodrama directed by Linda.

For a brief, video introduction to this program please visit:


ACTS offers a tiered pricing structure, based on your status as a professional: trainer, trainee, student, etc.; and region of the world in which you live.

You can order the course directly from the links we are providing below.

For standard pricing based on professional status please visit:

For those living in countries identified by the IAGP for reduced fee (or to find out which tier you are on), please visit here:


6 CEU’s are available for your participation in this on-line course through CE-Classes.com.

For information and ideas about:

  • how to establish a study group facilitated by a TEP to be able to obtain distance-learning credit from the American Board of Examiners (and perhaps by other psychodrama certification boards),
  • using the on-line course to waive a requirement for TSM Level I certification, or
  • setting up a study group with an interpreter for groups for whom English is not a preferred language

please contact Mario at cossa@att.net

We are excited to be working with ACTS in this manner and by the opportunities this on-line course will provide around the globe.


Below are the description of the modules contained in the course:


Includes a brief history of Psychodrama’s founder J.L. Moreno, MD and his early work, an overview of the method’s applications and the overarching principles contributing to its effectiveness.


Creating a working definition of trauma, the various ways it is re-experienced for the individual, its effect of “rhythmic rupture,” and various contributing causes and their overwhelming prevalence.


An overview of the trauma disorders occurring across a broad diagnostic spectrum, including: Post-traumatic Stress Disorder, Depersonalization Disorder, and Generalized Anxiety Disorder.


How trauma reorients and effects the brain, neurological changes as a result, including the impairment of communication between the brain’s hemispheres, and functional implications of overwhelming trauma


Highlighting the imperative of the therapeutic relationship for healing, the essential nature of safety and consistency, and the role of expressive therapies, including their ability to connect the internal verbal condition with the non-verbal.


Reviewing the ability of Psychodrama to bring objectivity and accurate labeling while re-writing trauma-based material, moving the brain beyond what is “stuck,” and creativity as the key to change.


Introducing a myriad of Psychodramatic and related action, art, movement and music methods and adaptations, including the Therapeutic Spiral Model.


Delineating the inherent differences between Psychodrama and other forms of therapeutic interventions, in particular how it is separate in nature from Psychotherapy and theater.


Underlining the symbiotic nature of the therapeutic relationship and the healing process, establishing it as the core of reconstructive work and experiential validation.


An overview of the essential elements, roles, rules and guidelines, and prevailing structures and methods of a Psychodrama according to the Therapeutic Spiral Model.


Summary statements on the importance of safeguards using theater methods, expected outcome factors, testimonials from patients, and where to find out more about Psychodrama.


Check out my new interview “The Trauma Therapeutic Spiral Model” with Guy Macpherson on the Trauma Therapist Podcast. Watch Here!